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Seattle based composer Jeffrey Bowen speaks about his composition What Will Sound (was already sound) followed by a stunning performance by violinist Maja Cerar.

Recorded on March 1, 2020 at Oktaven Audio in Mount Vernon, NY.


  • Jeffrey Bowen
    What Will Sound (was already sound)



What Will Sound (was already sound) is in large part an homage to the artist William Kentridge. Specifically, the piece takes up formal ideas of his work What Will Come (has already come), in which revolving, anamorphic charcoal animations evoke episodes from Africa’s colonial history. In this work, Kentridge’s anamorphic strategy involves projecting charcoal-based animations down onto a white circle, which supports a cylindrical mirror in the center. These figures are distorted beyond recognition, but the reflective convex surface of the cylinder adjusts the angles and proportions, so that familiar images can be seen—of a fly, a plane, of an elephant wearing a gas mask.

Kentridge creates a sort of paradox whereby the viewer, in order to recognize the image, must look for its reconfiguration in the curved mirror, crouching or stepping backward to find the intended viewpoint with respect to the cylinder. One has to take in the work, eyes flitting back and forth between the distorted charcoal drawings and their reflections, in a kind of perceptual dance between two contrasting perspectives. (For Kentridge, I think, this idea of “double vision” or “looking askance” comes out his life as a South African, with that country’s particular history).

Though I had Kentridge in mind, as a touch stone, while I was working on it, the actual impetus for the piece was hearing a performance of Bach’s Violin Partita in D minor (by a friend, Luke Fitzpatrick). While listening, I felt my attention traveling between a gestural surface, of bow across strings (happening in the foreground/present) and a harmonic aura (in the background, from history). It was a dynamic, spatial experience, and it set me up to resonate with Kentridge’s animation.

What Will Sound (was already sound) sets up the live electronic component to act in a manner analogous to Kentridge’s cylindrical mirror. Through its series of convolution filters—derived from Luke’s recording of the D minor violin partita—the electronics extract certain periodic components from the gestures of the live violin, building harmonic resonances apart from, yet dependent upon, the live violin material, and creating an oscillating motion between the immediate moment of live performance and a secondary plane of historical resonance.
– Jeffrey Bowen



Jeffrey Bowen is a composer and guitarist currently living in Seattle, Washington. His compositions feature gradually evolving processes and explorations of liminal spaces, and have been performed by Pascal Gallois, Maja Cerar, Beta Collide, Ensemble DissonArt, and the Luminosity Orchestra, among other ensembles in the USA and Europe.

In 2013 his orchestral work Stalasso was chosen by conductor Ludovic Morlot for the Seattle Symphony Orchestra’s New Music Works program, and he has recently presented work at the Darmstadt Summer Courses for New Music, the University of Nebraska’s New Music Festival, the University of Washington’s Harry Partch Festival, the New York City Electroacoustic Music Festival, the International Computer Music Conference, and as a resident artist at the Atlantic Center for the Arts. In 2019 he received a Jack Straw Artist Support Grant to record his piece for the Harry Partch Instruments, Where All That’s Solid Melts Into Air.

Bowen is a co-director of Seattle’s Inverted Space Ensemble, which commissions and programs new works alongside adventurous and innovative music of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, and which has held residencies at Cornish College of the Arts and the University of Washington. He currently teaches music theory and guitar at Seattle University, and recently completed a DMA in composition at the University of Washington under Joël-François Durand.



Mind & Machine Vol 3- Album Cover

Maja Cerar

Violinist Maja Cerar’s repertoire ranges from the Baroque to the present, and her stage experience includes performances with live electronics as well as theater and dance. Since her debut in the Zürich Tonhalle in 1991, she has performed internationally as a soloist with orchestras and given recitals with distinguished artists. She has played at festivals such as the Davos “Young Artists in Concert,” Gidon Kremer’s Lockenhaus Festival, the ISCM World Music Days in Ljubljana, the ICMC (Singapore, Barcelona, New York, Texas), SEAMUS (Texas, Arizona, Florida), the “Viva Vivaldi” festival in Mexico City, and numerous others. In 2016, she was the featured performer at the New York City Electroacoustic Music Festival, an event of the New York Philharmonic Biennial, and in 2019 she was a featured performer at the Diffrazioni Multimedia Festival in Florence, Italy. Her collaborative works have been featured at the “Re:New Frontiers of Creativity” symposium celebrating the 250th anniversary of Columbia University and “LITSK” festival at Princeton University. Since 2014 she has also created her own works, fostered by The Tribeca Film Institute’s “Tribeca Hacks” and by the Future Music Lab at the Atlantic Music Festival, involving robotics and wearable motion sensors. Maja Cerar has premiered and recorded numerous works written for and dedicated to her. She has worked with many composers, including Jean-Baptiste Barrière, Sebastian Currier, R. Luke DuBois, Beat Furrer, Elizabeth Hoffman, György Kurtág, Alvin Lucier, Katharine Norman, Yoshiaki Onishi, Morton Subotnick, and John Zorn. She graduated from the Zurich-Winterthur Conservatory and earned a Ph.D. in Historical Musicology from Columbia University, where she is currently a member of the Music performance faculty.



Mind & Machine Vol 3- Album Cover

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